Once rules are submitted to JCAR for approval, what actions can JCAR take?
JCAR Action JCAR is a commission of 12 legislators that equally represent both houses of the General Assembly and both parties within those houses. It meets monthly, in Springfield if the General Assembly is in session, and in Chicago when not in session. The time, date and location of the next scheduled JCAR meeting can be found here. JCAR meetings are open to the public and may be live-streamed at the JCAR website, but only agency representatives may speak at these meetings. Others who wish to comment should do so by contacting JCAR (see Second Notice) prior to the meeting.
JCAR members may take any of the following actions concerning a proposed rulemaking:
No Objection: means that JCAR finds no grounds for action against the rulemaking; it does not necessarily imply approval of the content of the rule. A rulemaking that receives a Certification of No Objection may be adopted by the agency at any time after the agency receives this Certificate, so long as it is within one year after its proposal date in the Register.
Recommendation: means that JCAR has concerns that the agency should address, such as clarification through further rulemaking, a change in rule text, more timely rules proposal, etc. If an agency receives a Recommendation, it is required by JCAR rule to respond within 90 days, but it is still free to adopt the rulemaking after receipt of the Certificate of No Objection.
Objection : indicates that JCAR has determined the proposed rulemaking is not consistent with statute, has an adverse economic impact on small businesses, small municipalities, and non-profit organizations, or fails to meet some other standard established by the IAPA, or that the rulemaking process failed to meet the requirements of the IAPA. An Objection requires an agency response within 90 days, and precludes the agency from adopting the rulemaking until JCAR has received the response. If the agency fails to respond within 90 days, the rulemaking dies and cannot be adopted. Notices of Objection are published in the Register.
Filing Prohibition: in conjunction with an Objection, prohibits the agency from adopting the rulemaking because JCAR believes the rulemaking constitutes a threat to the public interest, safety or welfare. An agency generally must agree to make modifications to the rulemaking before JCAR will withdraw a Filing Prohibition and allow the rule to be adopted. A Filing Prohibition may remain in effect up to 180 days; if it is not withdrawn by that time it becomes permanent and precludes the rulemaking from being adopted. Notices of Filing Prohibition are published in the Register.
Adoption: Once an agency receives a Certificate of No Objection, or duly responds to an Objection within 90 days, it may adopt the rulemaking with any Second Notice changes to which the agency and JCAR have agreed during the review process (if any changes were requested or necessary) and any modifications the agency makes in response to a JCAR Objection. Notices of adopted rulemakings appear in the Register. The Notice Page for an adopted rulemaking includes the effective date of the rulemaking, the Register citation where the rulemaking was proposed, and any changes since First Notice.An agency must adopt a proposed rulemaking within one year after its original First Notice publication in the Register. If it fails to do so, the rulemaking expires and cannot be adopted. An exception may occur when JCAR has issued a Filing Prohibition to a rulemaking, which tolls the one-year expiration until the Filing Prohibition is withdrawn.
Withdrawal: Occasionally, an agency will decide not to proceed with a proposed rulemaking. An agency may withdraw a proposed rulemaking at any time before submitting Second Notice, and notice of the withdrawal is published in the Register. After Second Notice begins, a rulemaking may only be withdrawn in response to a JCAR Objection. An agency that decides not to adopt a proposed rule after completing the JCAR review process cannot withdraw the rule, but can allow the one-year adoption deadline to expire without adopting the rule.
"It does not take a majority to prevail ... but rather an irate, tireless minority, keen on setting brushfires of freedom in the minds of men." --Samuel Adams