The absurdity of an applicant paying for an FOID is that he gains nothing. It is not a user fee because his right to keep and bear already exists. Only the general public gains (presumably) by having those not qualified for an FOID denied the right to obtain or possess firearms or ammunition. So if the applicant gains nothing, what is the applicant paying for? The general public benefits (presumably) so the FOID apparatus should be paid from general revenue.